For each activity you want to think about how you are going to structure the class time and manage student dynamics. For example:
- When do you want students to work in groups, when do you think they should work as individuals and when will you convene the whole class? Small group work tends to work best for the most challenging tasks or tasks in which you want students to see a range of perspectives or approaches. It can also help you to get a sense of how students are thinking since you only need to check in with each group, not each student. Asking students to work as individuals tends to work best for tasks that are not very challenging or that require individual reflection, but it is particularly important to think about why you are asking students to do this work in class if you are asking them to work as individuals for any extended period of time. Bringing the whole class together is an efficient way to give feedback on student work or summarize learning.
- How are you going to create a sense of accountability for the work that they do in class? If students feel as though they will not be held accountable for the work they are doing in class, they will have little motivation to take it seriously. Accountability can simply mean reminding them that the work they are doing is good practice for the exam. However, the added incentive of asking students to hand in work can further boost motivation, even if you are just giving them a participation grade for that work. No matter what, a quick glance through their in-class work is great feedback for you on how the activity went and where students had difficulty.
- When and how are you going to give the students feedback on the work that they do in class? Active learning is all about learning by doing, but if the students don't know whether or not what they are doing is right, then those experiences do not produce learning. Feedback can come in many different forms. You can reserve some time at the end of class to discuss the range of answers that the students came up with and discuss their merits. You can ask different groups of students to give feedback to each other, based on standards that you have discussed with them. After class you can post sample solutions to have students check their own work.